Key Rack Research

Espionage

... Prior information
Enables wise rulers
And worthy generals
To move
And conquer,
Brings them success
Beyond that of the multitude.

This information
Cannot be obtained
From spirits;
It cannot be deduced
By analogy;
It cannot be calculated
By measurement.

It can only be obtained
From men,
From those who know
The enemy's dispositions.

There are Five Sorts of Spies:
Local,
Internal,
Double,
Dead, and
Live.

There are Five Sorts of Spies:
Local,
Internal,
Double,
Dead, and
Live.

Local spies
Come from among our enemy's
Fellow-countrymen;

Internal spies
From among our enemy's
Officials,

Double spies
From among our enemy's
Own spies.

Dead spies
Are those for whom
We deliberately create
False information;
They then pass it on
To the enemy.

live spies
Are those who return
With information.

In the whole army
None should be closer
To the commander
Than his spies,
None more highly rewarded;
None more confidentially treated.

Without wisdom
It is impossible
To employ spies.

Without humanity and justice
It is impossible
To employ spies.

Without subtlety and ingenuity
It is impossible
To ascertain
The truth of their reports.

Subtlety of subtleties!
Spies have
Innumerable uses.

translated by John Minford


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